freight in vs freight out accounting

Delivery expenses pertain to costs incurred by the business in getting its products to the hands of the customers . If the business shoulders the delivery costs of items it purchased from a supplier , the cost is considered as ‘Freight In” and not “Delivery Expense’. Freight is the transportation of goods, thus, the meaning of freight charges is the cost of transportation services. According to the Business Dictionary, freight costs include packaging, palletizing, load or unload costs, carrier fees, and insurance costs. AccountDebitCreditFreight-out$$$Cash$$$Freight-out is an expense account, in which its normal balance is on the debit side. Likewise, in this journal entry, the total assets on the balance sheet decrease while expenses on the income statement increase by the same amount of freight-out cost. When you separate freight cost accounting, some of the costs are controllable and some are not.

Is freight out a credit or debit?

Freight-out is an expense account, in which its normal balance is on the debit side.

The cost of freight is also affected by the demand for freight services. There will be large volumes of products for shipping during periods of higher demand for shipping space, and users will be competing for the limited space. As a result, shipping companies can sell the limited space at a premium price. While the firm pays for the transportation when making a sale, the freight-out journal entry may be made by debiting the freight-out account and crediting the cash account. Because freight-out is a cost incurred by the firm to assist the sale of its goods, it is usually reported as an item in the income statement’s selling costs column. Freight-out is the firm’s expense when it pays the transportation price to deliver products to customers. Similarly, the corporation must record it as a cost in the journal when freight-out happens.

What does freight in mean in Accounting?

On the sales contract, FOB Destination is listed as the shipping terms, and shipping charges amount to $120, paid as cash directly to the delivery service. The key difference to understand is that freight-in is incurred to ship materials to the company’s production facility.

freight in vs freight out accounting

The purchase invoice does not predate a lock date set to prevent alteration of prior account periods’ records. They may not know whether it’s a part of an inventory buy or if it’s part of something that was shipped out to a customer. You need to push it downstream to that level of your operation to make sure that by the time it gets to accounting, there’s no doubt where it should go. Setting your accounting system up so that you can see and record the differences between the two is very important so your financial statements are accurate. One of them gets added to the cost of your inventory, which makes it part of your asset value. In this post, we’ll discuss what makes freight accounting different from accounting in other fields. If you’re looking for freight management solutions or cost savings options, check out our Freight Marketplace.


The amount of freight expense charged depends on the mode of transportation used to deliver the cargo. Freight-out or delivery expenses generally serve the same purpose and are similar. As a result, the corporation may occasionally report the freight-out cost as a delivery charge instead. The freight-in journal entry can be made using the periodic inventory system by debiting the freight-in account and crediting the cash account. Freight out billings to customers should only be treated as revenue if doing so is the primary revenue-generating activity of the business. It seems like a strange business model if that’s how a company turns a profit.

If the Entity consumes the GST, it will be part of Freight Charges and we can consider the total expenses in the profit and loss statement. Measure gross margin both before and after deducting freight freight in vs freight out accounting out to assess the impact of the freight cost on your margins. The title of ownership changes from the seller to the buyer when the goods have been delivered to the buyer’s specified location.

Entering separate freight-in charges

On the other hand, this could result in charging a bit more to expense up front than would otherwise be the case. Free on board destination means the seller keeps the responsibility for the liability of goods until the goods are delivered to the buyer. This also means that the seller legally owns the goods and is responsible for the goods during the shipping process. The seller pays for the shipping, and the point of sale occurs when the shipment arrives at the buyer or its destination. Once the goods are delivered, the ownership of goods transfers from seller to buyer. Free on board is an international trade term used to dictate whether the buyer or seller is liable for goods that are lost, damaged or destroyed during shipping. When a free on board shipping point is used, it indicates that the buyer takes responsibility for this liability the moment the goods are given to the shipping company.

freight in vs freight out accounting

After all, the inventory account and cost of goods sold will only be updated when the firm takes a physical inventory count under the periodic inventory system . So, in short, I suggest charging freight in to expense as soon as you receive the invoice from the freight company. For better understanding and analysis, expenses are classified into two varieties- direct and indirect expenses. All the expenses incurred to convert raw material into finished goods are termed direct expenses, whereas all other expenses are termed indirect expenses. Freight means the remuneration payable to the carrier for the carriage of goods under a contract of carriage. The extra complexity arises because of the separate freight-in supplier.

If everything about these costs is conventional, what is the cause of the confusion in accounting for freight costs anyway??

If something happens to damage or destroy the goods before they reach the FOB location, the seller would be required to replace the product or reverse the sales transaction. Freight-out is considered a selling expense and is expensed when incurred.

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